Diet against gastritis: menus, recipes and principles of home nutrition

Nutritional therapy for gastritis reduces stomach discomfort and inflammation-related pain.

The correctly selected menu contributes to the effectiveness of therapeutic measures and the normalization of digestion. The diet for gastritis includes treatment tables No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The choice of a particular menu depends on the acidity and stage of the disease. Tables 1, 4, 5 offer several options. In the number of the main diet, they are marked with letters and are used based on the severity of symptoms, the period of the disease (acute, fading, chronic form).

How Much Should You Feed With Gastritis? Strict control is required during an exacerbation and for the first few months after it. Ideally, a patient diagnosed with gastritis should adhere to the recommended table during remission. However, menu extensions and holiday exceptions are possible. If only within reasonable limits, and when we are not talking about coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.

Diet for gastritis of the stomach: basic rules

Regarding the organization of the gastritis diet at home, the gastroenterologist advises patients to follow five important rules.

Diet rules for gastritis
  1. Food processing. With gastritis, food must be thermally processed. Raw vegetables and fruits are also an exception. Meat and fish are not eaten in pieces. These products are separated from bones, skin, tendons and prepared in the form of meatballs, schnitzel, cabbage rolls.
  2. Fraction menu. Food for gastritis should be frequent. However, you need to eat small portions at regular intervals. Ideally, the patient will eat four to five times a day every three hours. The last meal is no later than 7: 00 p. m. Patients diagnosed with gastritis should chew all foods well.
  3. Drink plenty of fluids. With gastritis, you should drink a lot. Especially alkaline drinks. The following waters are suitable for patients with gastritis: "Essentuki", "Borzhomi", "Mirgorodskaya". To remove carbon dioxide, uncork the bottle and place it in a bowl of warm water for about 20 minutes. This drink is useful before meals. In addition to medicinal water, gastritis patients will be shown compotes made from dried fruits and fresh berries.
  4. First courses. Soups are mandatory in the diet of a patient with gastritis. However, vegetarian recipes or second or third non-rich meat broths are preferred.
  5. Cooking food. Patients with gastritis are prohibited from eating very hot or very cold food. Food can be steamed, boiled or baked without a crust. Nothing fried, pickled, canned, fermented with a diagnosis of gastritis is impossible. Porridge is cooked in water or half milk without butter. In addition, at the stage of exacerbation of gastritis and in the presence of severe clinical symptoms, it is better to follow the recommendations on cooking that are prescribed in the No. 1 therapeutic diet. It was developed by Manuil Pevzner. In particular, it is preferable to eat food in its pure form. The products are brought into the state of a soufflé or a pate with a sieve and a mixer. Table number 1 is usually prescribed during an exacerbation of the ulcer disease.

In many ways, the diet for gastritis is similar to the menu recommended for children in the first years of life. There is no place for fatty, fried and sweet things. The dishes are prepared without spices and with a minimal amount of spices. And in order to facilitate the digestive process, the food is chopped as much as possible.

Principles of Low Acid Diet

The main role of diet in this type of gastritis is to stimulate the production of enzymes and acid in the stomach to speed up the passage of food into the intestines.

Pureed and liquid foods should be preferred. Unlike other forms of gastritis, acidic foods are acceptable, e. g. B. kefir, fresh cottage cheese and citrus fruits. Outside the period of exacerbation, you can even eat fried foods, but only without breading and limiting the amount of oil. The temperature of food should not be higher than 60 degrees and not lower than 15 degrees. The calorie content of the daily diet is up to 2500-3000 kcal.

Principles of a diet against gastritis with high acidity

Regardless of the causes of the inflammation of the gastric mucosa, it is important to adhere to the diet when treating gastritis with high acidity.

It is similar to the treatment of the acute phase: no fried, salted, smoked, spicy food, a lot of liquid and pureed food, small portions. Products should not provoke the secretion of gastric juice, remain in the stomach for a long time and additionally irritate the mucous membrane. The nutritional principles are almost identical to the diet in acute gastritis, however, schnitzel, meatballs are included in the diet, the daily salt intake is slightly increased (up to 8 g) and baked goods are allowed. The food is best steamed, stewed, boiled or baked, eaten warm and chewed thoroughly.

The normal calorie intake for gastritis with high acidity is 2200-2500 kcal. Often the patient is also prescribed vitamin complexes to compensate for the lack of vitamins.

Nutritional principles for acute illnesses

If the disease gets worse, it would make sense for this period to completely exclude the patient from all diet and give his digestive system a break. In the event that the acute form of the disease is caused by poisoning or the use of certain drugs, the first thing to do is to flush the gastrointestinal tract and induce vomiting.

On the first day, drinking warm liquids and tea is indicated. When the patient's condition improves the next day, he can gradually begin liquid feeding. First of all, it is recommended to use liquid soups made from milk and cereals, meat and fish puree. Also allows:

  • weak tea,
  • decoctions,
  • jelly,
  • honey.

Exclude from the diet in case of tightening:

  • fresh vegetables and fruits,
  • Meat broths,
  • fermented milk products,
  • carbonated drinks,
  • coffee,
  • candy,
  • all baked goods,
  • cheese.

All meals should be served steamed and lukewarm. The calorie content of the diet should not exceed 2000 kcal.

What to eat for gastritis: a list of foods

A diet for gastric gastritis and a medicinal menu for each day should be planned, with an emphasis on the rules of the fifth table. The attending physician will suggest a list of foods that are useful and should be included in the diet. Also, a list of the delicacies to forget about gastritis is made.

Below is a basic gastritis nutritional table that lists the main recommended foods.

Table - Proper nutrition for patients with diagnosed gastritis

proteins, g bold, g carbohydrates, g calories, kcal
Vegetables and herbs
zucchini 0, 6 0, 3 4. 6 24
Cauliflower 2. 5 0, 3 5. 4 30
Potatoes 2. 0 0, 4 18, 1 80
Carrots 1, 3 0, 1 6. 9 32
Beets 1. 5 0, 1 8. 8 40
Pumpkin 1, 3 0, 3 7, 7 28
Grain and Grain
Buckwheat (unground) 12. 6 3. 3 62. 1 313
semolina 10. 3 1. 0 73, 3 328
Oat flakes 11. 9 7. 2 69, 3 366
white rice 6. 7 0, 7 78, 9 344
Flour and pasta
Noodles 12. 0 3. 7 60, 1 322
Baked goods
Rusks with white bread 11. 2 1. 4 72, 2 331
Jam 0, 3 0, 2 63. 0 263
Jelly 2. 7 0, 0 17. 9 79
Marshmallow 0, 8 0, 0 78, 5 304
Meringue 2. 6 20. 8 60, 5 440
Marshmallow 0, 5 0, 0 80, 8 310
Maria Cookies 8. 7 8. 8 70, 9 400
Raw materials and spices
Honey 0, 8 0, 0 81, 5 329
Sugar 0, 0 0, 0 99, 7 398
Milk sauce 2. 0 7, 1 5. 2 84
Dairy products
Milk 3. 2 3. 6 4. 8 64
Cream 2. 8 20. 0 3. 7 205
Cheese and Quark
Quark 17. 2 5. 0 1. 8 121
Meat products
boiled beef 25. 8 16. 8 0, 0 254
boiled veal 30. 7 0, 9 0, 0 131
Rabbit 21. 0 8. 0 0, 0 156
cooked chicken 25. 2 7. 4 0, 0 170
Turkey 19. 2 0, 7 0, 0 84
Chicken eggs 12. 7 10. 9 0, 7 157
Oils and fats
Butter 0, 5 82, 5 0, 8 748
Soft drinks
Mineral water 0, 0 0, 0 0, 0 -
Juices and compotes
juice 0, 3 0, 1 9. 2 40
Apricot juice 0, 9 0, 1 9. 0 38
Jelly 0, 2 0, 0 16. 7 68
Carrot juice 1, 1 0, 1 6. 4 28
Pumpkin juice 0, 0 0, 0 9. 0 38
Rose hip juice 0, 1 0, 0 17. 6 70
* Data are per 100 g of product
What to eat with gastritis of the stomach

The therapeutic diet against gastritis ensures nutritious and delicious food. Other family members can join this table. You can experiment with the list of approved products. For example, patients with gastritis can make sweet cottage cheese casseroles or vegetable cakes. Kissel will appeal to both adults and children. Fish pie or pasta will not leave you indifferent either.

What not to eat if you have gastritis: a list of foods

With the exacerbation of gastritis, it is first necessary to exclude spices, artificial food additives, spicy marinades, sauces and seasonings.

A list of what not to eat and foods that you should better avoid:

proteins, g bold, g carbohydrates, g calories, kcal
Vegetables and herbs
Legumes 9, 1 1. 6 27. 0 168
rutabaga 1, 2 0, 1 7, 7 37
Cabbage 1. 8 0, 1 4. 7 27
Sauerkraut 1. 8 0, 1 4. 4 19
Spring onion 1, 3 0, 0 4. 6 19
Onions 1. 4 0, 0 10. 4 41
Cucumbers 0, 8 0, 1 2. 8 15
Canned cucumbers 2. 8 0, 0 1, 3 16
white radish 1. 4 0, 0 4. 1 21
Beets 1. 5 0, 1 6, 2 30
Canned tomatoes 1, 1 0, 1 3. 5 20
hell 3. 2 0, 4 10. 5 56
Spinach 2. 9 0, 3 2. 0 22
Sorrel 1. 5 0, 3 2. 9 19
mushrooms 3. 5 2. 0 2. 5 30
Grain and Grain
Corn kernels 8. 3 1, 2 75. 0 337
Pearl barley 9. 3 1, 1 73, 7 320
Millet groats 11. 5 3. 3 69, 3 348
Barley grains 10. 4 1, 3 66, 3 324
Candy 4. 3 19. 8 67, 5 453
ice cream
Ice cream 3. 7 6. 9 22, 1 189
Cake 4. 4 23. 4 45. 2 407
Raw materials and spices
Mustard 5. 7 6. 4 22. 0 162
ginger 1. 8 0, 8 15. 8 80
Ketchup 1. 8 1. 0 22. 2 93
Mayonnaise 2. 4 67. 0 3. 9 627
ground black pepper 10. 4 3. 3 38. 7 251
Chili pepper 2. 0 0, 2 9. 5 40
Dairy products
Kefir 3. 4 2. 0 4. 7 51
sour cream 2. 8 20. 0 3. 2 206
Sour milk 2. 9 2. 5 4. 1 53
Meat products
Pork 16. 0 21. 6 0, 0 259
Ham 22. 6 20. 9 0, 0 279
Sausage with / dried 24, 1 38. 3 1. 0 455
Sausages 10. 1 31. 6 1. 9 332
Sausages 12. 3 25. 3 0, 0 277
smoked chicken 27, 5 8. 2 0, 0 184
duck 16. 5 61, 2 0, 0 346
smoked duck 19. 0 28. 4 0, 0 337
Goose 16. 1 33. 3 0, 0 364
Fish and seafood
dried fish 17. 5 4. 6 0, 0 139
smoked fish 26. 8 9. 9 0, 0 196
Canned fish 17. 5 2. 0 0, 0 88
Oils and fats
animal fat 0, 0 99, 7 0, 0 897
Boil fat 0, 0 99, 7 0, 0 897
Soft drinks
Bread kvass 0, 2 0, 0 5. 2 27
black tea 20. 0 5, 1 6. 9 152
* Data are per 100 g of product
healthy food for gastritis

Before including any of the prohibited foods in the diet, you should consult a gastroenterologist.

Diet recipes

Dietetics offers various recipes to diversify the diet for gastritis in adults and children. They have delicate heat treatment regimes, do not use spices and fats. The main nutritional rule for a sick stomach: food should be of medium temperature. Eating hot or cold makes ulcerative gastritis worse. Below are some recipes for eating at home with stomach upsets.

Mucus broth is popular with gastritis. Such a product soothes the gastric mucosa, relieves chronic diseases and increases digestibility.

Slimy rice soup with parsley


  • 1 parsley root;
  • 1 carrot;
  • 200 ml low-fat broth;
  • fine-grain rice or grains of rice;
  • Butter on the tip of a knife.


  1. Put rice in broth.
  2. At the stage of partial readiness, the carrots and parsley roots cut into pieces are poured into the broth.
  3. When all the ingredients are cooked, grind them through a sieve and blender.
  4. Put the butter in portions on the plate.

Fish soup with egg

Fish soup with egg for gastritis


  • 250 grams of low-fat fish broth;
  • 1 carrot;
  • 1 egg.


  1. Cut the carrots into small pieces in the broth.
  2. Cook until tender.
  3. Add low-fat cooked fish to a plate and cut into an egg.

Vegetable stew


  • cauliflower;
  • potatoes;
  • bow;
  • zucchini;
  • carrots;
  • salt;
  • olive oil.

Stew onions and carrots in a little water, chopped on a grater. After 10 minutes add the rest of the diced vegetables. The stew is steamed soft. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. The olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.

Menu for a week with gastric gastritis

Patients on a gastritis diet are advised to plan their weekly menu with recipes in advance. Having a clear plan of action will help you avoid unhealthy snacks. It is much easier if the necessary foods are prepared in the patient's refrigerator. And a person knows how and what can be quickly prepared from them.

The right nutrition for gastritis (menu for the week) can look like this:


meal dishes
Breakfast Soft-boiled egg, toasted bread, oatmeal, apple and rose hip cook
Lunch Dried fruit compote (1 glass), biscuit
Lunch Buckwheat soup, pumpkin puree, chicken zrazy, milk tea
Snack a glass of low-fat milk, yoghurt or kefir, toast (no fried bread)
Dinner Noodles with steamed beef balls, vegetable salad with sour cream
Bedtime a glass of low-fat fermented baking milk


meal dishes
Breakfast Buckwheat porridge, milk soufflé, tea
Lunch sweet oat broth (1 cup)
Rice food Spaghetti soup with beef, peas with boiled carrots, cocoa with milk
Snack fermented milk cottage cheese
Dinner steamed vegetable casserole meatballs, herb honey
Bedtime Fruit jelly (glass)


meal dishes
Breakfast fermented milk cottage cheese and honey, toast, dried fruit compote
Lunch a glass of low-fat kefir or milk
Lunch Mashed potatoes, vegetable and turkey casseroles, dried fruit compote
Snack Milk soufflé with fruits
Dinner rice porridge, boiled veal, boiled carrots with green peas, milk tea
Bedtime Cocoa with milk, oat biscuits (no more than 2 pieces)


meal dishes
Breakfast Oatmeal, boiled low-fat fish, tea with milk
Lunch jelly with milk
Lunch Vegetable soup with chicken, mashed potatoes and carrots, steamed schnitzel, cocoa with milk
Snack fermented milk cottage cheese
Dinner Meatballs, boiled peas, toast, dried fruit compote
Bedtime a glass of low-fat kefir or milk


meal dishes
Breakfast soft-boiled egg, toasted bread, oat flakes, cocoa with milk
Lunch oat broth (glass)
Lunch Pea soup, lean steamed fish, baked pumpkin
Snack jelly with milk
Dinner Vegetable casserole, steamed lean fish, rosehip cooked
Bedtime low-fat kefir (glass), oat biscuits (2 pieces)


meal dishes
Breakfast Baked apples with cottage cheese and raisins, toast, non-sour juice
Lunch a glass of low-fat kefir or milk
Lunch Chicken vegetable soup, mashed potatoes, steamed schnitzel, cocoa with milk
Snack fermented milk cottage cheese and honey
Dinner cooked chicken noodles, baked pumpkin, cocoa with milk
Bedtime Fruit jelly (glass)


meal dishes
Breakfast Buckwheat porridge with milk, milk soufflé, tea
Lunch baked fruits, low-fat milk (glass)
Lunch Soup with cauliflower, steamed rice, cocoa with milk
Snack Vegetable casserole, tea
Dinner Steamed lean fish, boiled carrots and green peas, vegetable salad with sour cream, boiled rose hip
Bedtime a glass of low-fat kefir
Diet menu for gastritis

The above is an example of a weekly diet plan for a patient being treated for chronic gastritis. Such a menu is described in books on clinical nutrition and clinical nutrition.

Diet No. 1 for gastritis and stomach ulcers

Such a diet has a well-chosen calorie content of up to 3000 kcal, which means that patients can lead an active lifestyle and do not experience an energy deficit. A rich selection of approved foods for gastric gastritis creates a menu that will not get bored. This is important because a person follows such a diet and diet for several months in order to restore the acidity of digestive juices. The first results with gastritis of the stomach can be found after 2 weeks of diet No. 1.

The treatment table completely excludes:

  1. Products with a high fiber content: millet, barley, wheat grain, cabbage of all kinds, radishes, Jerusalem artichoke, spinach;
  2. All spicy, hearty sauces and spices;
  3. Fat, including pure oil, is not allowed if you have stomach problems.
  4. All broths (including mushroom broth, bean broth), sour first courses: cucumber, okroshka, cold soups with the addition of kvass;
  5. Delicacies made from smoked and salted meat: fatty fish, salted meat, sausages and sausages should not be used in the diet with gastritis.
  6. Sour fruit or vegetable juice;
  7. Fresh baked goods;
  8. Fatty and spicy types of hard cheese, fermented milk cottage cheese;
  9. Coffee and strongly brewed tea injure the lining of the stomach;
  10. Alcoholic beverages. Even in small amounts in the diet, they worsen gastritis.

All products that can be used for gastritis are made by baking, braising, steaming, baking (but without crusting), and rough products - wiping.

Diet for the stomach includes:

  1. Steamed or baked fish dish;
  2. Non-sour vegetables in the form of mashed potatoes: carrots, potatoes, pumpkin, zucchini. Fruits: prepare fresh apples, peaches without peel or jelly, compote jelly, bake. Otherwise, you can injure the lining of the stomach.
  3. Low-fat milk, milk products with a low fat content (kefir). They restore the microflora and normalize the activity of the stomach during gastritis.
  4. Cooked vermicelli, noodles, buckwheat or oatmeal (it is possible to use crushed grain). When preparing a side dish, you can add vegetable broth or milk.
  5. Dry biscuit without a layer, biscuits without cream, sugar, soufflé milk or made from a non-sour fruit. They will serve as a source of energy in the diet for gastritis;
  6. white bread in the form of dried toast or croutons;
  7. soups (vegetables, meat, fish). Diet requirement: Use low-fat raw materials. An ideal option for the stomach is warm mashed potatoes soup, oatmeal vegetable broth, egg soup;
  8. Low-fat rabbit meat, poultry: turkey fillet, skinless chicken breast. You only cook a whole piece for a couple, prepare a steamed cutlet, meatballs and meat pudding for gastritis;
  9. Light tea with lots of milk, milk-based cocoa and rose hip diet drink. Depending on the acidity of the stomach, you can drink non-carbonated medicinal mineral water.

Diet No. 5 for gastritis

If gastritis is combined with cholecystitis or liver disease, then a person is recommended to feed table No. 5 at home. It is also prescribed for people with mild stomach inflammation. The diet limits the intake of foods rich in uric acid. The list of prohibited foods includes liver, yeast, canned fish, salmon, mushrooms, shrimp, and clams. The diet also limits the consumption of egg yolks.

Zucchini and vegetable stew

Vegetable stew with zucchini

To cook stew, you need to take 300 g of potatoes, 150 g of zucchini, 100 g of carrots, 2 tbsp. l. Vegetable oil, 1 liter of water, carrot juice.

Zucchini and carrots are washed, cut into slices and steamed with oil. The potatoes are washed, peeled, cut into large slices, filled with water and gently cooked. Stewed vegetables are added to the finished potatoes with broth, salted and heated over low heat for 10 minutes.

Coal run

The casserole is made from 150 g of cabbage, 2 tbsp. l. Semolina, 1 egg white, 35 ml milk, 1 tbsp. l. Vegetable oil.

Mix all ingredients in a small container and let the semolina soak for 20 minutes. The cabbage is finely chopped and combined with the resulting mixture. A baking dish is greased with vegetable oil and placed in a preheated oven until soft.

Consequences of not following the diet

In case of refusal to adhere to a diet for any type of gastritis, the patient may face the following problems:

  • Vitamin deficiency;
  • diseases of the liver, pancreas, duodenum, large and small intestine (as a result of impaired gastric function);
  • significant weight loss (fear of eating);
  • gastric ulcer and its consequences: ulcer perforation, ulcer penetration - germination in the organ, bleeding;
  • Formation of atrophic gastritis and its transformation into gastric cancer.

Diet for gastritis not only makes life easier for the patient, it also disciplines the person.

The gastritis treatment table is a complete and healthy food, it is the normalization of lifestyle, the rejection of bad habits and low-quality products. In addition, a diet for gastritis will help normalize weight (those who have gained weight and obese people are losing weight), since a timely and nutritious diet normalizes not only the work of the gastrointestinal tract, but also all metabolic processes andthus strengthens the immune system.